Bearish Engulfing Pattern Trading Strategy Guide

trading the bearish

The Bearish engulfing candlestick pattern is a technical chart that signals that will lower the price. It consists of up candlestick by large down that engulfs smaller candles. The pattern is important because it will share the sellers that overtaken the buyers and are pushing the price.

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In line with the current trend, the bulls were in charge of the market throughout the first bullish candle. This may cause fear among the bulls, resulting in a long unwinding rally. Traders looking to profit from the bearish reversal pattern can rest easy on selling at the highs, given that the stochastic indicator shows overbought conditions.

Bulkowski on the Bearish Engulfing Candlestick

While they are quite powerful when they occur at the end of a strong trend, they are almost non-tradeable when they appear in choppy trading. Engulfing patterns are most useful following a clean upward price move as the pattern clearly shows the shift in momentum to the downside. If the price action is choppy, even if the price is rising overall, the significance of the engulfing pattern is diminished since it is a fairly common signal. The pattern is also more reliable when it follows a clean move higher.


They may also look for other bearish signals, such as a downward-sloping moving average. However, like any other pattern, it cannot be relied on its own to make a trading decision. The relative Strength Index is an important technical analysis tool that helps traders identify areas where the market is oversold or overbought. When used to confirm a bearish reversal, traders pay close attention to overbought conditions when the indicator readings are above 70. While the pattern can occur anywhere, it tends to provide a much more accurate bearish reversal signal when it appears at the end of an uptrend affirming waning upward momentum.

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Again, although the wicks are usually not considered a core part of the pattern, they can provide an idea of where to place a stop-loss. This is because it shows what the minimum price someone is willing to accept in exchange for an asset at that given point in time. So, if the current uptrend does reverse, you can see a clear exit point for your position. Besides, the second candlestick of an engulfing pattern can be quite big, which can mislead a trader when it comes to putting a price target or a Stop Loss. Bearish engulfing patterns often occur at the top of an uptrend. So, if you see a bearish engulfing pattern form after an extended uptrend, then this could be a sign that the trend is reversing and that you should take profits off the table.

If you want a few bones from my Encyclopedia of charts book, here are three to chew on. It tells a trader where to put a stop loss or a take-profit. 3- A stronger signal is shown when the first candle is a doji. We will look at what these patterns are and how you can use them in the financial market.

Bearish Engulfing Success Rate

What follows is a bearish engulfing breakout whereby prices, more often than not, break out to the downside. The sell-off can occur in force if the underlying volume from short sellers is strong enough. In contrast, a false breakout occurs when the bearish engulfing pattern fails to trigger a strong price move to the downside.


It should engulf the real body with the volume on the second day that will create a higher probability of reversal. This pattern occurs in the candlestick chart of a security when a black candlestick engulfs the small white candlestick from the period before. The picture below shows that the bulls failed to break through the key resistance level, and the first bearish engulfing pattern formed. Its peculiarity is a long red body after a short green body, which means the market participants fixed profits, and a bearish reversal occurred. The pattern formed on a strong resistance level, so a short position could be opened after a bearish engulfing pattern was fully completed.

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The long upper shadow implies that the market tried to find where resistance and supply were located, but the upside was rejected by bears. Below you can find the schemes and explanations of the most common reversal candlestick patterns. The bearish candlestick should close lower than the open of the bullish candle. The bearish candlestick should open above the close of the bullish candle. The MACD Histogram also provides a reversal signal as the hill starts to contract, affirming easing upward momentum. Conversely, as the histogram n edges lower, so do price-affirming bears in control and likely to continue pushing prices lower.

Generally, the bullish and bearish candlestick patterns forex candle real body of Day 1 is contained within the real body of the bearish candle of Day 2. As seen in the illustration above, the second candle completely overwhelms the prior candle. For a pattern to qualify as bullish engulfing, the high of the second candle should hit higher prices than the high of the prior candle. The real body—the difference between the open and close price—of the candlesticks is what matters.

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At times, a reversal is usually not guaranteed when an engulfing pattern happens. When you get a strong price rejection at a key level, the market is likely to reverse lower. When you’re trading the Bearish Engulfing pattern, you don’t want to see a weak price rejection at a key level. So remember, if you want to trade price reversals, always look for a strong momentum move into a level. The next thing you know, the price does a 180-degree reversal at the highs and now this group of traders is “trapped”. Many traders would spot a Bearish Engulfing pattern and look to short the market.

Candlestick Pattern

In case we couldn’t get through, we will try again at the same time the next day. Your stop loss can be placed above the high of the pattern. Or it can be a fixed percentage or points based stoploss depending on your research. Indicator that changes the bar’s color to green if there is a Bullish Engulfing or Red if there a Bearish Engulfing Patterns. You can also spot reversals through the use of trading indicators.

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  • It forms during an uptrend where a smaller bullish candle is engulfed by a bigger bearish candle.
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  • The picture below shows that the bulls failed to break through the key resistance level, and the first bearish engulfing pattern formed.
  • The price range of the forex pair is starting to narrow, indicating choppy trading, and there is very little upward price movement prior to the patterns forming.

Yes, a Bearish Engulfing pattern shows the sellers are in control — but it doesn’t mean the price is about to reverse lower. If the preceding uptrend is significant, the pattern will likely be effective. The larger the second candle is compared to the first candle, the stronger the bears have become. Find the approximate amount of currency units to buy or sell so you can control your maximum risk per position. Learn how to trade forex in a fun and easy-to-understand format. Harness the market intelligence you need to build your trading strategies.

Pros and cons of Bearish Engulfing Pattern

Bearish engulfing patterns are a great way to identify a potential top in a market. It’s one more clue you can use to determine a probable outcome. The more clues you can gather about a market’s probable future direction, the closer you will be to becoming a successful Forex trader. Note that in the NZDUSD 4-hour chart above, we’re taking a blind entry on a 50% retrace of the bearish engulfing candle that formed on the daily time frame.

The signal of this pattern is considered stronger than a signal from a simple “morning star” pattern. © 2020 All rights reserved My blogs and videos is only educational purpose on stock market and depend on my self research and analysis. Additionally, the pattern is more reliable when it follows a clean move higher. If the price is range bound, it is highly unlikely that the engulfing pattern will fuel a strong move lower. Learn the exact chart patterns you need to know to find opportunities in the markets. Although reliable, this candlestick pattern isn’t infallible.

  • In essence, a Bearish Engulfing Pattern tells you the sellers have overwhelmed the buyers and are now in control.
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When identified as a reversal, the pattern will occur during a minor bearish swing trend. The trend bias specifications are user selectable via the indicator dialogue box, as per the deviation type and multiplier settings. The bullish equivalent to this pattern is the Bullish Engulfing. The first candlestick in the pattern should be a bullish candlestick. In most cases, it is expected that as soon as the price moves to the upper band, it will tank and retrace to the middle of the band as short sellers enter the market.

bearish engulfing breakout

A bullish engulfing pattern is the opposite of a bearish engulfing pattern. A bullish engulfing pattern occurs when there is a large green candlestick that “engulfs” the previous red candle. This signals that the bulls are taking control of the market and that the bears are no longer in charge. The bearish engulfing candlestick appears a A, circled in red, on the daily price chart. In an upward price trend, look for a white candle followed by a black candle. The body of the black candle should engulf or overlap the white candle’s body, as shown here.

The second candlestick is bigger than the preceding one and completely engulfs it, showing that the sellers have overtaken the market and started to push the prices down. Traders often look for bearish engulfing patterns as a signal to enter a short trade. However, it is important to note that this is just one indicator and should not be used alone. It is always best to use a combination of indicators before making any trading decisions. This pattern produces a strong reversal signal as the bearish price action completely engulfs the bullish one.

This can leave a trader with a very large stop loss if they opt to trade the pattern. The potential reward from the trade may not justify the risk. Here is the same NZDUSD setup, only this time we’re taking a blind entry on a 50% retracement measured from the high to the low of the engulfing candle. Notice in the illustration above, the engulfing candle’s range completely engulfs the previous candle. I also share with you two critical rules that should be followed when trading this candlestick pattern.

When a bearish engulfing pattern appears, one may sell a long position or enter a short position. Engulfing patterns are one of the easiest-to-spot trend reversal candlestick patterns. They are a great tool to find the best time to enter the market, especially for novice traders. Engulfing patterns are usually pretty accurate, but it’s still useful to apply other methods and indicators to make successful trading decisions. A last engulfing bottom occurs at the bottom of a downtrend.

This candle is consisting of a red candle creating fresh downward price momentum. This bearish candle should be open above the close of the previous candle and close below the low of the previous candle. The downward movement reflects the seller buying strength and proceeds to fall in price. It comprises two bar charts on a price chart and indicates a market reversal.

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